Skin diseasehealthInfections

Skin Fungal Infections; 5 Types and effective Treatments

Skin Fungal Infections

skin fungal infection, skin infection
skin fungal infection, skin infection

What are skin fungal infections?

Skin Fungal infections also known as dermatomycosis is the various type of infections that invade the skin. Skin fungal infection is a are very common among people and animals. Study shows at least 8 in 10 people suffer fungal infections once in their lives. Fungal infections are caused by many different types of fungus, an organism of the group eukaryotic and microorganism such as yeast. They usually cause irritating rash on the affected skin.

In this content various types and common fungal skin infections are clearly discussed with the various methods, remedies and treatments. You will also discover knowledge  on how these infections are transmitted and how to avoid catching fungal infection or even passing them on.

READ ALSO On-Skin yeast infections: 6 most affected areas and Treatments

Where do fungi lives?

There are millions of species of fungi around the world. They live mostly in dirty environment, on plants, animals household surfaces and on the skin.
Fungus like humans and any living entity can only survive if they have food water and oxygen.

A fungi will invade lives on the skin, feed on your blood and the skin. They do so by consuming soluble carbohydrates such as glucose sucrose and fructose. Fungus left untreated may cause severe damage to your skin and body.

Signs and symptoms of fungal skin infections.

Any fungal skin infection may cause  redness of skin, irritation, formation of blisters on the affected skin, scaly skin and sores.

How can one contract Skin fungal infection?

Fungal infections are common everywhere in our living environment although we can be exposed or comes into contact with the fungi regularly this may not cause an adverse reaction on your body but certain conditions can trigger the fungi to multiply and overgrow thereby causing symptoms. Conditions may include weaken immune system and poor personal hygiene among others.

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Contracting the fungal might not show reaction on your skin but your system and environment will trigger the symptoms.
Practicing good personal hygiene and eating healthy can help with the situation however if you notice any change on your skin speak to your doctor.

Some skin fungal infections takes time to show symptoms and reports immediately to your GP if you notice or experience any signs including rashes, soreness, itching and burning on your skin.

Types of fungal skin infection

There are many types and forms of fungal skin infection. The following five types of skin fungal infections were medically reported and recorded. These infections can however  affect any part of your body mostly the skin, nails and scalp.

     1. Athlete’s foot

Athlete’s foot is the most common skin infection. This type of fungal infection is caused by  fungus that grows on the skin between your toes and nails and the soles of your feet. Fungi in this part of your body grows easily because the area gets wet when ever your feet sweat. And fungi loves where there’s moist.

One possible sign to notice is the skin between your toes usually become itchy, flaky and red sores or painful crackers. Your soles may become itchy, thicker and hard and scaly. In most cases blisters are common signs too.

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You are likely to be affected by walking barefooted in wet and dirty places, walking in stagnant waters, sharing used items like shoes from with an infected person can put you at risk of contracting the infection.  at least food the infection can spread to other parts of your skin if you scratch the affected area or do not wash your hands after touching the wounds.

READ ALSO Skin infection rashes: 6 Causes, Symptoms and Prevention

Symptoms of athlete’s foot.

Signs of athlete’s foot may vary from person to person. Possible symptoms may include itching, burning, forming of blisters, soreness and redness around the affected area. Affected skin area are usually broken down and soft peelings, skin crack and scaly feet.

The types of athlete’s foot
There are three main types of athlete’s foot infection:  interdigital moccasin and vesicular

 

Interdigital:  mostly referred to as toe web infection infection. This type of at athlete’s foot are common among those who have contracted the athlete’s foot infection. This type of fungal infection occurs usually in between your little toes and can spread through to the soul of the foot.

Moccasin:  This form will  normally start with itching, irritation, dryness and scaly skin. The skin may become hard and even crack. This particular form can become complex as symptoms may extend to your entire sole and the whole feet area.

Vesicular:  This form is not really common. Symptoms may be in the form of blisters and swells well as tiny bumps. They usually appear between your toes heels or foot.

Athlete’s foot diagnosis
Although skin fungal infections are mostly characterized by itchy, scaly and irritated skin not all these symptoms can be said to to be caused by fungus. Your doctor may use microscope to study and detect the actual infection on the affected area.

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Treatment of Athlete’s foot infection.

Anti-fungal medicines are the best known medication for treating infections. Your doctor may provide or prescribe  over- the- counter ,(OTP) oral anti-fungal drug to help treat your condition however in serious cases you may be required to do an an injection or an IV medication therapy.

Anti-fungal ointment are also very effective against skin fungal infections. Your doctor will be able to examine you and prescribe the best medication to treat you. Athlete’s foot not treated properly with come back in the future

           2. Ringworm

Ringworm also known as tinea corporis is a type of fungal skin infections.  Ringworm on the affected area looks like circular shaped hence its name ring. it’s not a worm, it’s a fungi.

Ringworm is very continuous and can be contracted from an infected person or an animal true direct contact with them.  Usually heat and humidity are responsible for the the fast spread of ringworm infection.

   Symptoms of Ringworm

Ringworm invading the skin appears red circular and flat sores. Tinea corporis may come along with scaly skin. Ringworm can invade every part of your skin including the head and genitals. Hair loss is normally accompanied with ring worm infestation on the scalp, itchy scaly and white patches on the head. Ringworm  your skin and scalp can be  uncomfortable experience for many.

Treatment for Ringworm infection

Ringworm can also be treated using at your father over the counter medication and can do so completely always remember to see your GP he in a visible symptoms so you can by giving the right amount and dosage of medications ringworm left untreated may result in complications and might require advanced treatment method like injections or surgery when ringworm are not treated properly they can invade the skin in the future.

3. Nail infection

Nail infections are caused by fungus.  this type of infection normally happens often on the toenails although they can affect fingernails higher chances are toenails are prone  to nail infection. The nails may become rough and crumbly discolored. Affected nails may become hard, painful with foul smells.

athletes foot
athletes foot

Athlete’s foot is one common factor responsible for nail infection. Fungus living between two little toes and foot can invade the nails areas.

Possible signs and symptoms of nail infections.

Nail fungal infections may not show signs. Common among others are discoloration of the nail swollen skin surrounding nails, foul smell and pains inside and nails.

Treatments for nail Infections

Manicure and pedicure are necessary to treat fungal nail infections at home. Anti-fungal ointments and creams or even powders can be applied to the affected area. Although nail infection treatment can be very tough consistency is needed  to  cure it completely. Avoid dipping your nails in water. Also keep hands and feet off water or wet places.  Visit the nearest pharmacy to report any symptoms of nail infections. Speak to your doctor. doctor and require medical help. Most nail infection treatment may take longer time to clear off completely. Your nails might not look the same even after the treatment.

        4. Jock itch

Another a type of fungal skin infection is the Jock itch. This is a type of fungi called tinea and the infection tinea cruris. Tinea will survive in places that are warm and moist. Places like  your genitals.  inner thighs, and buttocks and  are the mostly prone to the infection.  Jock itch are usually red, itchy rash and often ring shaped.

You be affected by Jock itch infection through direct contact with infected person or animal and indirectly through objects with the fungi on them.

 Possible symptoms of skin fungal infections may include:

red circular rash in your ear is itching and burning on your genitals and inner thighs, redness on affected area, flaky peeling and cracking skin.

     Treatments

Treatments can be conducted by a specialist by looking at samples of the affected skin under microscope. Over over-the-counter anti-fungal medicine can treat most cases of jock itch.  And in severe cases a doctor may prescribed creams or request you take injection to clear the fungus completely from your skin.

5. Yeast infection also known as Candida

Yeast infections of your skin are called cutaneous candidiasis. A type of fungus called candida causes these infections when it overgrown. Yeast infections aren’t contagious.

The infections are most common in warm, moist, creased areas of your body, including your armpits and groin. They often happen in people who are obese or who have diabetes.

yeast infection of nails
yeast infection of nails

Candida can cause diaper rash in infants. It can also cause infections in your nails, vagina, or mouth (oral thrush).

Yeast infection symptoms

Signs of a yeast infection on your skin include:

  • Patches that ooze clear fluid
  • Pimple-like bumps
  • Itching and rashes
  • Burning

Signs of a yeast infection in your nail beds include:

  • Swelling
  • Pain
  •  Pus
  • A white or yellow nail that separates from the nail bed

Signs of thrush (yeast infection of your mouth) include:

  • White patches on your tongue and inside your cheeks
  • Pain

 

Signs of a vaginal yeast infection may include:

  • White or yellow discharge from your
  •  vagina
  • Itching
  • Redness in the external area of your vagina
  • Burning
  • Yeast infection diagnosis

Your doctor will ask about your medical history and do a physical exam. They might also take a sample from the affected area to look at under a microscope.

Yeast infection treatment

Treatment depends on the infection. Medicated creams can treat most skin yeast infections. For a vaginal infection you may be required to used anti-fungal ointments or creams or douche.  A medicated mouthwash or lozenges that dissolve in your mouth may treat oral thrush. If you have a severe infection or a weakened immune system, you might need anti-yeast medications that you take by mouth.

 

General prevention against fungal infections

Some fungal infections need to be treated for much longer. For example, if you have a fungal nail infection, you may need to treat it for up to a year with a topical treatment or for several months with tablets. It can take another six months to a year for your nail to recover, although it might never look completely normal.

Fungal infections can come back, even if they seem to have cleared up, particularly infections of the feet and toenails.

 how fungal skin infections are contracted

Many different fungi and yeasts can cause infections of your skin, hair and nails. These may be spread:

  • from person to person
  • from animals to people
  • more rarely, to a person from the soil

Some fungal skin infections like  example, candida (thrush)  usually come from an overgrowth of your own previously harmless fungi.

You can pick up fungi which might cause infection if you come into contact with an infected person or animal. That’s why people who play close contact sports such as wrestling are more likely to get fungal skin infections. You can also pick up fungi by sharing contaminated items such as clothes, towels, hairbrushes or bedclothes. Walking barefoot in shared and public showers and pool environments may mean you pick up fungi on your feet.

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Fungi love warmth and moisture so you will be  more likely to get an infection if you:

  • wear tight clothing, or shoes that don’t let your feet ‘breathe’ in a warm, humid environment
  • are overweight and so have skin folds which rub against each other

You’re also more likely to have a fungal skin infection if you:

  • have a weakened immune system through illness such as HIV or use of medication such as corticosteroids
  • have diabetes
  • have been taking antibiotics
  • are pregnant

 

yeast in corners of the mouth
yeast in corners of the mouth

Prevention of fungal skin infections
You can reduce your risk of getting a fungal skin infection by taking some simple precautions.

  • Dry your skin well after washing  especially those with skin folds.
  • Wash socks, clothes and bed linen regularly to remove any fungi.
  • Don’t walk barefoot in communal areas such as showers, saunas and swimming pools.
  • Wear loose-fitting clothes made of cotton or a breathable material that’s designed to keep moisture away from your skin.
  • Don’t share towels, hairbrushes or combs.
    Alternate your shoes every two or three days to give them time to dry out.
  • If you have diabetes, keep your blood sugar under control.
  • If someone in your family has scalp ringworm, wash bedding, hats, combs and hair accessories in bleach diluted with water.
  • Avoid overuse of antibiotics as they may put you at risk of having some forms of skin infections.

 

DISCLAIMER

Information provided here is for educational purposes only and must not be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always consult your doctor or healthcare provider if you are seeking medical advice, diagnosis, and treatment. Monuji does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment.

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